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Garrote Larense, Garrote Tocuyano
It is a Venezuelan martial art that involves machete, stick-fighting, and knife fencing. The name is relative to the city of El Tocuyo, southwest of the Lara state, the starting point of the colonization. It can be taken into consideration that the origin of this game came from the mixtures given at the time of the conquest. Since several cultures were brought from far away, only the strongest of those was survived and some fighting techniques originated or became known during the conquest struggles, when they fought with everything they could, in order to obtain precious independence. Then since being an independent nation, some martial arts and games were brought by the European migrant practitioners mainly from Spain, Portugal, and the Canary Islands. They had similar forms to Garrote Larense, such as the Cuchillo Siciliano, Makila Vasca, Jogo do Pao, Juego del Palo. And it is very likely that these people have met masters of Garrote Larense, sharing techniques and experiences, and influencing this art.
SAMBO, самозащита без оружия
The term “SAMBO” is an acronym of ‘SAM-ozashchita Bez Oruzhiya’, meaning ‘self-defense without weapons’. Putin, the president of Russia, was also a SAMBO player. SAMBO has been actualized in 1938 as the former USSR Committee of Sports to serve as a common form of sport wrestling for the fifteen different republics of the former Soviet Union, each of which had one or more of its own distinct styles of folk wrestling, with widely varying rules. It was also taught as a form of hand-to-hand combat by Soviet soldiers for use in unarmed self-defense. In 1984, the International Amateur SAMBO Federation (FIAS) was constituted to govern the sport internationally.
Kurash is an ancient type of upright jacket-grappling that originated in the territory of modern Uzbekistan with about three thousand years of history. There is no groundwork, and only throws and leg sweeps can be used by players. All the actions are allowed only in standing position and any techniques using armlock, chocking, and kicking, as well as grips below the belt are prohibited. For three millenniums Kurash was limited within the borders of Central Asia. Techniques, traditions, rules, and philosophies of Kurash were verbally passed from generation to generation. And only in 1990, Komil Yusupov, the widely known Uzbek wrestler finished that kind of research on Kurash. He created the new universal rules for Kurash, which incorporated the best features of Kurash- thousands of years old philosophy of courage and humanism with the tight requirements of the modern sport. He introduced to Kurash weight categories, gestures, and terminology based on 13 Uzbek words, set a fixed duration of the bout, uniform for players and referees, and everything.
Kalarippayattu is a traditional holistic Martial Art with strong links to Yoga and Ayurveda. 'Kalari' translates as “place of training”, 'Payattu' as “combat exercises”. Kalaris are also important centers of religious worship. The initial physical training (Meippayattu) consists of animal postures arranged in flowing forms which, like Yoga, develop far more than flexibility and strength. It operates on a psychophysical level which can aid personal awareness and confidence amongst other attributes. The next level of practice involves wooden and metal weapons which again develop the senses as much as key fighting skills. What is also interesting, and again confirms Kalari's holistic ways, is the stages of training combine fighting with healing at almost all levels. The primary aim is the ultimate coordination between mind and body. Another focus of Kalaripayattu is specialization in indigenous medicinal practices. Kalaripayattu masters practiced not only the martial craft, but also medicine (kalari chikitsa) and herbalism, which they used to heal the wounds of soldiers who had been hurt in battle. Kalaripayattu originates in the southwest of India, in today’s state of Kerala and also partly Tamil Nadu. It is often believed to be the oldest martial art in the world, with deep roots in Indian mythology that look back on thousands of years of tradition. There are 3 acknowledged styles of Kalaripayattu – Northern, Southern, and Central – with the names referring to different parts of the Kerala region. The Northern and the Southern styles each have their own mythical gurus – Parashurama and Agastya Muni, respectively – and their own founding myths. For millennia these arts, their military techniques and associated rituals were shrouded in mystique, with only ancient Indian literature to go by. They started becoming less arcane around the 10th-12th century AD when Keralite society became militarized due to fights between kingdoms and dynasties. Military academies, known as Kalari, were created to instruct young people on how to use weapons and then join local troops. After a heydey in the 16th and 17th centuries, the importance of Kalaripayattu and the warriors who practiced it gradually declined due to developments in societal structure and military technique. When the British colonized India in the mid-19th century, they considered the warriors a threat to British authority, and the practice of Kalaripayattu was banned on penalty of death or exile. It wasn’t until the 1920s when a wave of rediscovery of historic traditions swept over India, there was the rise of Kalaripayattu schools, as well as a revival of the spirit of the martial art itself. Kalaripayattu presentations became very popular, as people enthusiastically recalled the heroic past of their country. Nowadays, there are many kalaris in Kerala, with dozens of schools in every town, and quite a few in other parts of India, in big cities such as Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, or Bangalore. There are also teachers operating in countries all over the world.
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Kun Bokator is listed in the Seagames 2023 which will be held in Cambodia. To celebrate and inspire more support, Kun Bokator Federation and Ream Production produced a music video titled "Warriors" featuring Bokator martial arts and historical evidence carved on ancient temple's walls. ↓Watch videos on YouTube↓ >>Kun Bokator
Summer 2021 (Vol.33) WoMAU News
Winter 2021 (Vol.34) WoMAU News